Ma White White House Memories a Atatürk

Sitima Yoyera Imayendetsa Zoyang'ana ku Atatürk
Sitima Yoyera Imayendetsa Zoyang'ana ku Atatürk

Galimotoyo, yomwe ndi chitsanzo chokhacho chapadera cha White Sitima yomwe ogwiritsa ntchito a Atatürk adachita popita maulendo ake (1935-1938), yawonetsedwa kuyambira 1964 ku Ankara Garda pambali pa Museum wa "Atatürk Residence and Railways in the War of Independence". Adalembetsedwa ndi Unduna wa Zachikhalidwe General Directorate of Monerals and Museum ku 1991 ngati "chuma chofunikira kutetezedwa ndi Atatürk".

Zofotokozera zaukadaulo za White Wagon

  • Kunenepa: tonani ya 46.3
  • Kutalika: 14.8 m.
  • Wopanga: LHV Linke Hofmann-Werke, Breslau, 1935

Galimoto yomwe inagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi Atatürk m'dziko lake lonse ikuyenda pakati pa zaka 1935-1938 inagwiranso ntchito ngati "wokonda ulendo wake womaliza.

Loweruka, Novembara 19, 1938, thupi la Atatürk lidatengedwa kuchokera ku Chifumu cha Dolmabahçe ndikuyika Yavuz ku Warayburnu. Panali mwambo patebulo lapakati mu ngolo iyi ya "White Sitima" ikuyembekezera ku Izmit. Zinali 20.23. Nkhondo zisanu ndi imodzi zidawotchedwa mozungulira thupi lonse, ndipo asitikali asanu ndi amodzi adayamba kukhala maso ndi malupanga awo mwaulemu. Gulu logawika litayamba kulira, nthawi ya 20.32, sitimayi idasamukira ku Ankara pakati pa misozi ya omwe adasonkhana pasitima yapamtunda.

Kuphunzitsa kwa Ankara 20 November 1938 anafika Lamlungu ku 10.04. İnönü, azidindo, asilikali, apolisi, apolisi, ophunzira ndi anthu onse akudikirira pa siteshoniyi. Bokosi la Ata linatengedwa kuchokera pawindo la ngolo ku 10.26 ndipo linaikidwa mu kanki kakang'ono kutsogolo kwa malo otchuka eksiyon Steering Building etti kumene adayambitsa Nkhondo Yodziimira, adapanga ulendo wake ku mtundu wake ndipo adayenda ulendo wake womaliza ndi "White Train".

White Sitima ya Wagon

  • khitchini
  • Chimbudzi / chimbudzi cha Suite
  • Guard / Suite chipinda
  • Chipinda cha akazi
  • bafa
  • Chipinda chogona Atatürk
  • okonzera
  • Zina zimakhala ndi mbali zake.

Mpaka pano, palibe chomwe chidafotokozeredwa mwatsatanetsatane za mawonekedwe a White Train, omwe adamangidwa ku Germany mu 1935 kuti mtsogoleri wathu wamkulu Atatürk agwiritse ntchito maulendo apanyumba. Tidawona gawo laukadaulo wa sitimayi ngati gawo lofotokoza zomwe tidakumbukira za masiku okondweretsawa okhudzana ndi kugwiritsa ntchito chidziwitso cha abwenzi athu ofunikira a Railroad.

White White inali ndi ngolo 9. Awa ndi malo odyera ndi malo ogona ku Atatürk, holo ya General Secretariat ya Purezidenti ndi Chief Justice, restourant yokhala ndi mapasa awiri amapasa odziwika a Boma, kuphatikiza ma II. Imakhala ndi ngolo komanso ma 4-axle udindo.

Kutalika kwa nyumba zisanu zoyambirira za ulendowu kunali 21, pomwe ina inali mikono 19.6. Wagon lounges ndi achilengedwe kwambiri kutengera nyengo ya nthawiyo, okhala ndi zida zamakono kwambiri komanso zamakono. Dongosolo lililonse la wagon Görlitz limakhala lodzaza ndi mabatani olemera, okhala ndi ma bumpers amtundu wa Ürdinger, mabuleki amanja ndi amlengalenga.

Panali khomo looneka ngati khonde kumapeto kwenikweni kwa chipinda cha Atatürk. Mawindo a antenna ankawasunga mokwanira kuti azitha kuwona bwino malo owazungulira. Ngakhale panali chitseko chagalimoto zina kutsogolo, njirayi sinalumikizidwe monga ina iliyonse. Masitepe a garetayo anali atakulungidwa.

Makoma amkati mwa nyumbayo ankakutidwa ndi kokonati wa ku Caucasus komanso kudenga kwake kooneka ngati kuwala. Panalinso tebulo lophimbidwa ndi ebony, mpando waukulu wokutidwa ndi epengle ndi mipando yaying'ono yaying'ono pachipinda chochezera. Makatani awindo anali opangidwa ndi chikasu chofiirira chofiirira (Akilla) taffeta. Munali wailesi, malo ogulitsira magetsi awiri, mphamvu zitatu zokuzira kulira ndi foni muholo.

Bedi lalikulu m'chipinda cholumikizanacho, makoma adakutira ndi pinki yamiyala yamiyala, kudenga mwake kudali kozama. Apanso, panali tebulo yovala ndi galasi ndi mipando yamanja yomwe ikhoza kugwiritsidwa ntchito ngati tebulo lolemba ukatsekedwa. Zigawo zanga zonse zinali ma nickel zokutira.

Mpweya wabwino wagon (Wendler) ukhoza kugwira ntchito ndi chida chogwirizira mpweya. Ngakhale kuti ngoloyo idalumikizidwa pakukhazikitsa sitimayi, idakonzedwanso kuti itenthe ndi bato lamadzi otentha. Zida zamagetsi zidaperekedwa ndi zochulukitsa ziwiri ndi ma dynamos, kutsogolo kwa mazenera awo kunali akhungu amtundu waku Venetian wokutidwa ndi mpweya wapadera kuteteza ntchentche ndi tizilombo tina tofananira kulowa kumbuyo.

Holo yodyerayo inali mikono 8 kutalika. Unalinso ndi chipinda cha zovala, theka ndi zipinda zodzaza ndi zimbudzi. Khomalo linapangidwa ndi palisander, denga limakhala lonyamula, khoma la chipinda chamawonekedwe anali oak, kachiwiri ebony, khoma la chipinda cha anthu anayi linali mahogany, makoma omwe anali mu chipinda chaching'ono anali a drape-mahogany, chitseko chake chinali chopaka choyera ndi mkaka.

Pamene idatsegulidwa kwathunthu, panali tebulo lalikulu lodyera la mamita 5, mipando iwiri yayikulu, awa azunguliridwa ndi mipando yaying'ono 16 yokutidwa ndi chikopa cha buluu, palinso wokamba wailesi. Kona ina ya holoyo, buffet yokhala ndi zida inali yofanana ndi zida zapachipinda.

Panali ma sofas 4, komi ndi malo othandizira ofananirako, zimbudzi ndi malo ochapira, komanso khitchini ndi chipinda chapansi panthawiyi kuti chigwiritsidwe ntchito ngati kama m'malo mwa kama mu Başyaver ndi Secretariat. Pamalo ake anali ndi firiji yosiyana ndi mashelufu. Ngoloyo inali ndi chipinda chokhala ndi mabafa ochapira, maofesi, ndi holo yaying'ono.

Imodzi mwa ngolo zina inali ndi holo yaying'ono ndipo inayo inali ndi zipinda zogona. Nyumba yodyerayo inali magawo awiri. Kupatula khitchini, panali matebulo anayi a anthu atatu ndi anayi, mizere iwiri ya anthu awiri m'chipinda chodyeramo chachikulu ndi matebulo 24 a anthu anayi. Ngolo ziwiri zotsatira zinali ndi zipinda 8 zophimba zikopa. Pamene kumbuyo kwa zigawo ziwiri za chipinda chilichonse kukakwezedwa usiku, ma bunks anayi adapangidwa. Magalimoto amenewa, omwe amakhalanso ndi zimbudzi, amawawotcha ndi sofajack ngati fogon. Magalimoto onse anali amtambo wakuda buluu kumunsi kwa zenera, ndikupaka utoto wolocha kunja. Magalimoto ena anali ndi mawayilesi a radio pamadenga awo.

White Sitima imasunthidwa kuchokera ku Ankara kupita ku Ankara, ndipo kuchokera ku Haydarpasa kupita kwa ogwira ntchito ku Haydarpasa, kulikonse komwe angapite kudziko, adzabweranso, ogwira ntchito omwewo adzabweranso, makina okhawo okhala ndi malasha amoto ndi kukonza m'malo osungiramo zinthu asintha. Masitima amenewa amakhala ndi mwayi wolimbitsa thupi, nthawi zina pamakhalanso sitima yapadera yotumizidwa kuchokera kutsogolo ngati woyendetsa. Onse ogwira ntchito pasitimayo amasankhidwa kuchokera kwa akatswiri odziwa ntchito, osamala, omwe ayesedwa ntchito zawo, zovala zimakhala zoyera komanso zoyikika, ndimakumbukira bwino kuti opanga ma Machinist adagwira magolovu oyera polowa mu Garlar ...

Ma injini opangira magesi awa anali oyera kwambiri, osamalika bwino, migodi yawo yachikasu inali yosangalatsika, ndipo madera awo anali ogwiritsa ntchito ambiri a Traction Inspector, ndipo oyang'anira sakanakhoza kuchoka. Vgo, Ine ndi II II Oyendera, Telegraph ndi Kafukufuku Wamafoni ndi zida zawo zonse zidalipo m'mitima yama sitimayi, ndipo magulu okonza samatenga matumba awo kumbuyo kwawo. General Order No. 501 imayikidwa mkati mwa sitimayo, makandulo osindikizidwa a mwezi omwe obisika m'mabokosi a Station ndi malo amamasulidwa ndikuchotsa makandulo osindikizidwa, mawu achinsinsi amaphunziridwa, iwo omwe amadziwa mawu achinsinsi asamukira sitimayi pakufunika thandizo lawo.

Apanso, masitima awa amaphatikizidwa ndi Road Inspection ndi Maofesi Oyang'anira Nthambi, Oyang'anira Magulu Oyang'anira Masitima, Madotolo Agawo, Chief Woyang'anira ntchito zantchito, ndipo mafoni am'manja ndi mafoni adasungidwa okonzeka kulamula. Masiteshoniwo adatsukidwa ndi chisamaliro chapadera masiku angapo pasadakhale, usiku, ndi nyali zapamwamba m'manja, anthu am'midzi yozungulira omwe adasonkhana pa nsanja za Station ndi chiyembekezo komanso chisangalalo chakuwona Ataturk, ndipo pankhani yachitetezo, mizere ndi zidutswa zidasungidwa ndi a Gendarmes apafupi ndi apolisi m'mizinda.

Bwanamkubwa, Oweruza, Ogwira Ntchito Zoyang'anira Boma, Atsogoleri, A Meya, ndi oyang'anira mabungwe ofananako m'maboma, zigawo ndi matauni omwe sitimayo imayimilira tsiku lomwelo amalandila sitimayo ndi zovala zawo zatsopano kuchokera ku jeketatay, frock, redingot kapena nsalu yakuda yosunthika, mphira usiku, nyumba zamamangidwe okhala ndi mbendera ndi nyali za navy usiku. Imakhala ndi zida, ngati Ataturk adzagweramo mzindawu, misewu yayikulu ndi misewu yake imapangidwa ndi zokongoletsera zosiyanasiyana zopambana. Nkhani zamtsogolo za Ataturk zingadzetse chisangalalo, komanso chisangalalo kwa aliyense.

Zina mwa nyengoyo ndi; Zinali zomwe zapezedwa ndi Red Ribbon Medal of Independence, yomwe imanyadira kutenga nawo gawo pa Nkhondo ya Kudzilamulira motsogozedwa ndi ATATÜRK, pamapewa a ambiri, kuyambira kazembe wake mpaka wamkulu wawo mpaka wamba wamba. Masiku ano, masiku ano, akuwoneka ochepera komanso pafupipafupi pamiyambo yamayiko, popeza anthu awa amatsika nthawi.

Ataturk adapanga maulendo ake omaliza kuchokera ku Ankara pa 12.11.1937 nthawi ya 17:50, pamaso pa White Trail, molunjika ku Eastern Province, Kayseri - Sivas - Diyarbakır - Elazig - Malatya - Adana ndi Mersin, kenako Konya ' Adapita ku Afyon podutsa usiku, ndikukhalako kwa ola limodzi, nabwerera ku Ankara pa 21.11.1937, 23:30, kupitirira Eskişehir.

A. Lütfi Balamir, (Wofufuza wa TCDD Wopuma pantchito)

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