Kuphulika kwa Coronavirus Kuphwanya Zinthu Zowonjezera!

Kuphulika kwa coronavirus kumabweretsa maunyolo
Kuphulika kwa coronavirus kumabweretsa maunyolo

Ndi chipwirikiti cha coronavirus, tawona bwino momwe kukhudzana kwa ng'ombe (kufuna kukokomeza) zotsatira kumachitika mu unyolo. Zogulitsa zina zakhala zosawoneka, mashelufu amsika alibe kanthu ndipo mitengo yake yawonjeza kawiri. Makampani opanga amayimitsidwa chifukwa cha zovuta zomwe zimaperekedwa. States adachitanso zina zowonjezera kuteteza opanga. Komabe, pakhala pali kuphulika mu malonda a e. Ntchito zochitira ena zawonjezeka kwambiri.


Mtunda wakuthupi wakhala wofunikira. Maukonde othandizira okhalitsa amayenera kukhazikitsidwa mwachangu. Maulendo a TIR anayima m'malire ndipo michira ya TIR inapangidwa. Madalaivala agalimoto adayamba kuwerengera masiku 14 okha. M'mayendedwe a RO-RO, madalaivala sakanakhoza kunyamulidwa ndi ndege ndipo kukhalabe kwawo ku European Union kudafupikitsidwa. Kuperewera kwa driver komwe kulipo kale kwasungidwa. Chifukwa cha zovuta mmayendedwe amumsewu, katundu wasintha kupita kumayendedwe apanyanja ndi njanji. Panali kuwonjezeka kwakukulu kwa kufunikira. Chifukwa choti zotengera zonyamula katundu sizinathe kutsitsidwa munthawi yanyanja, pomwe kufunikira kwa zotengera zopanda kanthu kumachuluka m'madoko ogulitsa kunja, mitengoyo imakwera chifukwa choti mafuta oyeretsa akukwera. Maoda ochita kuyitanitsa analembetsa mayendedwe a ndege. Komabe, chifukwa chakuletsa kuyendetsa ndege zonyamula anthu, kuchuluka kwa katunduyo kunachepa kwambiri ndipo kusungirako kunayambitsidwa kuperekedwa milungu ingapo pambuyo pake. Nthawi zakutuluka zawonjezeka chifukwa cha ntchito yamagalimoto oyendetsa maginito pamaulendo a njanji. Zotsatira zake, kodi maunyolo othandizira adasweka? Inde. Mphamvu yolumikizira maunyolo othandizira ingathe kupewedwa ndikugwirizanitsa maunyolo othandizira. Kuthamanga ndi chidziwitso chofulumira komanso chofunikira kwambiri ndiye vuto lalikulu kwambiri. Monga World Health Organization imati: "kuyesa, kuyesa, kuyesa". Maphwando ogulitsa amafunika kukonzekera pasadakhale kuti chidziwitso chithamangire komanso kuchitira limodzi limodzi bizinesi. Mayankho apakati amodzi sikokwanira.

Njira yomwe tili momwemo yatiwonetsanso kufunikira kwa zinthu. Tawona chifukwa chake ntchito zofunikira ndizofunikira popereka chithandizo chokhazikika pokhudzana ndi kusungika kwa chithandizo cha zaumoyo komanso kuthana ndi zofunikira, zaumoyo, ndi zina zofunika za anthu. Komanso nthawi yofikira panyumba, zofunikira zazikulu za omwe satha kutuluka ziyenera kukwaniritsidwa.

Ndalama zogulitsa ndi kuchuluka kwa kugula, kupanga ndi kulipira zinthu. Mapeto athu kuchokera ku zochitika zaposachedwa zikuwonetsa kuti tifunika kukhazikitsa maunyolo ambiri osagonjera komanso kusiyanitsa pakati pakagwa tsoka ndi ngozi pambuyo pakagwa tsoka. Tiyenera kupeza njira zogulitsira zakunja kwina panthawi yamavuto. Pakadali pano, ndalama zamagwiritsidwe ntchito azomwe zimakulitsa malonda akunja ndi njanji zimakhala zofunikira. Zikuwonekeratu kuti kusintha kwa madalaivala pamalire, kusinthira kwazotengera (zodzaza, zonse-zopanda kanthu), kusintha kwa ma trailer ndi njira zodziyesera kufalitsa matendawa kuyenera kukonzedwanso. Magawo oyimbira ayenera kupangidwira izi. Njira zina ndi zipata za mmalire ziyenera kukumbukiridwa ndipo njira zotumizira mwachangu ziyenera kukumbukiridwa. Maiko osiyanasiyana ali ndi ma toll osiyanasiyana pamayendedwe osiyanasiyana. Njira zoyenera zitha kupangidwa kudzera mumgwirizano wapakanthawi ndi mayiko awa.

Nthawi yotsimikizika ya masiku 14 yoyendetsedwa ndi oyendetsa magalimoto polowera malire iyenera kuchotsedwa pamalowo posachedwa ndipo kulowetsa / kutuluka kwa oyendetsa magalimoto aku Turkey ndi akunja kuyenera kuloledwa ndi zida zoyesa pamalire. Kuchulukitsa kuyenera kuchitika motalikirana ndi nthawi yomwe oyendetsa magalimoto amakhala ku EU. Ntchito za visa yoyendetsa ziyenera kuwunikidwa ngati patsogolo komanso visa yatsopano iyenera kukulitsidwa nthawiyo. Ndi kulumikizana kwa mabungwe omwe akukhudzidwa, akuyenera kufalitsa zolekerera zomwe zidzagwiritsidwe ntchito panthawi yopuma komanso yomwe singawononge chitetezo, ndikuwonjezera nthawi kuyenera malinga ndi zofunikira. Pofuna kusinthitsa njira zogwirira ntchito zam'madzi zogulitsa pamadzi, ntchito ya Verified Gross Weight (VGM) yolemetsa iyenera kusokonezedwa, ndipo mabungwe othandizira zombo ayenera kupempha kalata yodzipereka ku makampani omwe akutumiza. Makina oyendetsa / katundu amayenera kuganiziridwanso komanso makina oyendetsa mabizinesi ndi makampani azikhala osavuta ndikuwathandizira. Kukonzekera kuyenera kupangidwa kuti ntchito yoperekera madalaivala atsopano azigwira ntchito zoyendera zapadziko lonse (maphunziro, mayeso, chitsimikiziro), ndi kupezeka kwa intaneti kwa maphunziro ena a SRC ndi ADR ndi mayeso ayenera kuwunikiridwa.

Ntchito yosinthana ndi ogwira ntchito zaboma imakulitsa njira zamabizinesi. M'malo mwake, njirayi iyenera kupitilizidwa poonetsetsa kuti magwiritsidwe ntchito osagwiritsidwa ntchito popanda mapepala ndipo njira ziyenera kuchitidwa popewa kutaya ntchito pantchito iliyonse. Phukusili lomwe lalengezedwa, palibe chithandizo chapadera pazogulitsa zinthu, zomwe zimakhudzidwa kwambiri ndi kufalikira, pokhapokha ngati ndalama za VAT zachedwa kwa miyezi 6. Thandizo ili laperekedwa kale kumagawo 16. Munthawi imeneyi, SCT mu mafuta, yomwe ndi chinthu chofunikira popangira zida, iyenera kuchotsedwa ndipo ntchitoyo iyenera kuperekedwa nthawi yabwino.

Monga gawo la nthawi yayitali, njira zathu zoyendera zikuluzikulu zomwe zikuphatikiza dziko lathu lonse komanso malo / midzi yomwe ikakhazikitsidwe pamakola awa ziyenera kutsimikiziridwa kuti zitsimikizike motetezeka wa kayendedwe ka katundu ndikuchepetsa ngozi.

Pali makampani ambiri mdziko lathu omwe ali mkati mwa kuchuluka kwa maunyolo opereka padziko lonse lapansi. Mayiko Akumadzulo safuna kupanga zinthu mdziko lawo. Turkey ikukula ndi chitsanzo chitukuko apindulitsa za malonda. Komabe, tiyenera kuganiziranso kuti timadalira zinthu zopanda pake. Chifukwa chake, tiyenera kufotokozera mavuto omwe tikukumana nawo popeza zinthuzi zakumwa bwino kwambiri ndikuyang'ana pa mfundo zothetsera pano. Ena mankhwala si opangidwa ku Turkey. Chifukwa chake, tiyenera kukhala munthawi zonse padziko lonse lapansi.
Chofunikira ndikuwerengera zoopsa zonse ndikuchita zofunikira. Tiyenera kugwiritsa ntchito kasamalidwe ka chiwopsezo mwadongosolo komanso mosadukizadukiza pankhani zamagetsi ndikupereka zida ndi kulimbikitsa dongosolo lathu losamalira mavuto munthawi yochepa. Chifukwa chake tiyenera kupeza njira zosinthira zachuma kuchokera paofesi imodzi yoperekera chithandizo kupita ku mtundu wamagulu opezeka pakati. Tiyenera kupanga zinthu zofunikira mdziko lathu.

Zotsatira zake, kufunikira kwa zosankha zochulukirapo ndikusinthika kwa maunyolo othandizira kunatulukiranso. Ndikumveka kuti zosankha ziyenera kutsimikiziridwa pasadakhale mu njira zonse zopangira ndi kupanga, ndipo zomwe zikukula ziyenera kuyang'aniridwa mwamphamvu ndipo zoyenera kwambiri zikuyenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito malinga ndi momwe zilili.

Professor Dr. Mehmet TANYAŞ
Purezidenti wa Logistics Association (LODER)


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