Kodi Maganizo Aakulu Ndi Ndani?

amene ali ndi malingaliro ozama
amene ali ndi malingaliro ozama

Zihni Derin (wobadwa 1880, Muğla - tsiku lomwalira 25 Ogasiti 1965, Ankara), wazambiri zakuthambo waku Turkey, wophunzitsa. Za kulima tiyi ku Turkey kunayambitsa kukhazikitsidwa ndi kufalitsa; Amadziwika kuti "tate wa tiyi".


Adabadwira ku Mugla mu 1880. Abambo ake ndi Mehmet Ali Bey, m'modzi mwa banja la Kuloğulları wa Muğla. Muğla High School mu 1897, Thessaloniki Agricultural School mu 1900, 1904 Halkalı Amaliza maphunziro a Sukulu ya Zaulimi. Mu 1905, adayamba kugwira ntchito ngati wogwira ntchito zaboma limodzi ndi Aydın Province Forest and Mineral Inspection Clerk.

Moyo waluso

Anakhala Wofufuza za nkhalango mu 1907 atatumikira monga Woyang'anira Nkhani wa Forest Rh Rh (monga amadziwika kuti Algeria-i Bahr-i Sefid Province) Madera a nkhalango a nkhalango, Gediz ndi Simav.

Anagwira ntchito yophunzitsa zaukadaulo, zaulimi ndi zida zamaphunziro pa Sukulu ya Zaulimi ya ku Tesaloniki kuyambira 1909 mpaka 1912. Mu 1911 anakwatirana ndi Maide Hanım ku Thessaloniki; anali ndi ana atatu kuyambira paukwatiwu.

Adagwira ntchito ngati mphunzitsi ku Bursa pakati pa 1914 mpaka 1920 ndipo adagwira ntchito ngati Deputy Director wa Bursa National Education.

Kutenga nawo Nkhondo Padziko Lonse

Anachoka ku Bursa kutangotsala pang'ono ku Girisi ku 1920 ndipo adasamukira ku Ankara; Adakhala Director General wa Agriculture mu Unduna wa Zachuma, wokhazikitsidwa ndi Boma la National St Fightle; Anakhalabe komweku mpaka 1924.

Njira zoyambirira za tiyi

Ku Ankara mu Epulo 1921, adatenga gawo ngati nthumwi ya Unduna wa Zachuma mu bungwe lomwe amembala ake amaimilira kuti akambirane mavuto azachuma komanso chikhalidwe cha anthu. Pambuyo pa Revolution ya Russia, kutsekedwa kwa malire a Batumi, adapatsidwa udindo wofufuza kuti apange ntchito zatsopano ku East Black Sea, komwe kusowa kwa ntchito ndi chitetezo zidakulirakulira. Halkalı Adawerengera lipoti lolembedwera ndi Ali Rıza Bey, m'modzi mwa aphunzitsi a High School of Agriculture, chifukwa chofufuza kwawo ku Batumi mu 1917. Mu lipotilo, zidanenedwa ndi zifukwa zomwe ndizotheka kulima tiyi kuzungulira Rize. Zihni Derin adawerenga lipoti la ubongo la Ali Rıza ku komputa ku Rize, adaganiza zokhazikitsa nazale kuti ayambe kutsatira pulogalamuyi.

Zihni Bey, yemwe adatumizidwa ku Rize mu 1923 kuti akakhazikitse namwino a tiyi ndi zipatso, adayamba kugwira ntchito pamtunda wa zaka 15 ku Garal Hill, yomwe ndi yosungirako chuma. Adawona kuti mbande za tiyi zomwe anthu ena okonda kubweretsa kuchokera ku Batumi adabzala ngati zokongoletsera m'derali zidakula bwino; Mu 1924, adapita kwa Batumi ndikuyesa minda ya tiyi, fakitale ya tiyi ndi Astropical Plants Research Station yomwe idakhazikitsidwa ndi anthu aku Russia. Inabweretsa mbewu za tiyi ndi masamba ake ndi zipatsozo, zipatso za zipatso ndi mitundu yazipatso, ma rhizomes a bamboo ku nazale. Ananenetsa kuti nyengo ndi madera a m'derali ndi oyenera kulima tiyi. Anayesa kubweretsa mabwana kuchokera kwa Batumi ndikugawa kwa anthu, koma kuyesera koyamba kumene, komwe sikunalandiridwe chidwi, kudalephera.

Zihni Derin, yemwe adabwereranso ku Ankara, adapanga lingaliro lamalamulo pankhaniyi ndipo lamuloli lidakhazikitsidwa mothandizidwa ndi a Rize Deputy a nthawi imeneyo pa febru 6, 1924 ndipo nambala 407. Lamulo, Rize Province ndi Borcka Crash; Hazelnut, Orange, mandimu, Tangerine, tiyi Law adayamba kugwira ntchito pansi pa dzina la Cultivation.

Bwererani ku kuphunzitsa

Chifukwa chakukula kwalamulo lomwe lidakhazikitsidwa komanso kusazindikira kwa anthu amderali okhudzana ndi kulima tiyi, Zihni Bey adabweleranso pantchito yophunzitsa tiyiyo ntchito yaulimi wa tiyi itachedwa. Ankaphunzitsira kusukulu zosiyanasiyana ku Istanbul. Anapitilizabe kuphunzitsa ku Ankara kuyambira 1930.

Bungwe la tiyi

Ulimi wa tiyi udayamba kukhazikikanso mdziko muno, adasankhidwa kukhala Wachiwiri kwa Woyang'anira Zaulimi Wachiwiri ku Thrace mu 1936 ndi Chief Advisory a Ministry of Agriculture mu 1937.

Pabungwe la zaulimi, lomwe lidzakhazikitsidwe ku Rize ndi malo ake ozungulira mu 1938, mutu waopanga tiyi unagwira ntchito kwambiri kufalitsa tiyi. Atapuma pantchito chifukwa cha kuchuluka kwa zaka mu 1945, adapitilizabe kugwira ntchito ngati bungwe la Unduna wa Zaulimi.

Anakhala wachiwiri kwa wachiwiri wawo pa Rize zisankho za 1950; koma sakanatha kulowa nyumba yamalamulo.

Imfa

Zihni Derin, yemwe adaitanidwa ngati mlendo wa ulemu pamwambo wa "27th Annivers of Tea" womwe unachitikira ku Rize mu 1960 pambuyo pa kuphatikizira kwa Meyi 1964, 40, atamwalira pa 25 Ogasiti 1965 ku Ankara.

Ntchito yake idawonedwa kuti ndiyofunika kulandira TÜBİTAK Service Award mu 1969.



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